Here recently, I’ve noticed a lot of confusion around the deity of Christ and the Trinity, so I’m going to try my best to explain it biblically.
Do I believe that Jesus was God? Yes! Do I believe that God is a Trinity? Yes! I think we have to answer these questions in the affirmative if we are serious about what Scripture says regarding this.
First of all, Christ claimed to be God; this was the very reason they wanted Him killed in the first place.
“We are not stoning you for any good work,” they replied, “but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God” (John 10:33).
He also claimed to have authority to forgive sins, and the biblical text tells us that He performed many miracles, and even cast out demons. Moreover, the Bible tells us that it was Christ who created everything in the beginning; this was obviously prior to His earthly life (John 1; Colossians 1; Hebrews 1). The Bible is abundantly clear on this.
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made (John 1:1-3).
The Son is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together (Colossians 1:15-17).
In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom also he made the universe. The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven. So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs (Hebrews 1:1-4).
If Jesus was God, was He also human? Absolutely! He obviously had two natures, one human and one divine. In His human nature, He began to exist in the person of Jesus of Nazareth, so I suppose you could say that God created His human nature. However, in His divine nature, He existed eternally because He created all things. In His human nature, He was the Son of God; He even prayed to God. Like us, He prayed and worshiped God the Father. Moreover, He wept, slept, even said there was something He didn’t know; He was tempted, said the Father was greater than He, and even died a physical death, all of which are normal human experiences.
If Scripture makes it clear that God is one (Deuteronomy 6:4), how can we say that Christ is God if He also prayed to God? Why does Scripture also say that Jesus would ask the Father to send another advocate, the Holy Spirit (John 14:16)? There must be a plurality of persons within the Godhead, namely, the Trinity. Jesus alluded to the Trinity, again, when he commanded to baptize in the name of the Father, the Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19).
Much more could be said about this, but let me finish by adding this: When we look at what’s written in Scripture, when we look at the radical claims Jesus made and the reasons for His crucifixion, we must conclude that Jesus was God and God is a Trinity; Scripture doesn’t leave us any other option.
For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily (Colossians 2:9).